How are they chosen and what do they represent — Capital cities

The world reacts to Donald Trump's recognition of Jerusalem as Israel's capital
How are they chosen and what do they represent — Capital cities

07 Diciembre, 2017

World leaders have been speaking out, almost universally condemning or expressing alarm in response to US President Donald Trump's anticipated announcement that Washington is to recognise Jerusalem as Israel's capital and move the US embassy to the city.

"The status of Jerusalem is a question of international security that concerns the entire international community. I've judged this course of action to be in the best interests of the United States of America and the pursuit of peace between Israel and the Palestinians". State-run Anadolu Agency said Erdoğan was in contact with Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Razak, Tunisian President Mohamed Beji Caid Essebsi, and Iranian President Hassan Rouhani. However, he said relationships being built with the Arab world could not be fully realized until an agreement is reached on Palestinian territories, and he called on nations around the world to do more to counter expanding Iranian influence.

Plunging further into a decades-long dispute over a city considered holy by Jews, Muslims and Christians, Trump will also order to begin planning to move the US embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem.

Chief of Staff John Kelly and UN Ambassador Nikki Haley also recommended that Trump overturn U.S. policy and publicly acknowledge Jerusalem as Israel's capital, the person said. It said the king told Trump "that any American announcement regarding the situation of Jerusalem prior to reaching a permanent settlement will harm peace talks and increase tensions in the area". Not surprisingly, the latest move by the Trump administration that the U.S. would acknowledge Jerusalem as the Israeli capital has highlighted that.

Palestine Liberation Organization Secretary General Saeb Erekat, the main Palestinian peace negotiator, said on Twitter after Trump's remarks that "President Trump disqualified the play any role in any peace process".

The European Union's top diplomat, Federica Mogherini, also said it would damage peace talks, and senior Palestinian official Saeb Erekat said last year that the move would mean "the destruction of the peace process as a whole". "It's the right thing to do".

The Egyptian, Saudi and Jordanian governments all released statements on Tuesday warning of the consequences of the decision after their leaders spoke with Trump.

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and other hard-liners use the term "undivided" to describe the Jewish capital.

Thousands of Palestinians in Gaza protested the American decision on Wednesday, led by the Islamic faction Hamas, coinciding with rallies in Jerusalem and West Bank, meanwhile, Ramallah and several Palestinian and Israeli cities witnessed heavy existence of the Israeli security forces as a precaution for the expected protests against the Trump's decision. Three-quarters live below the poverty line and 25% live in neighbourhoods cut off from the rest of the city by the separation barrier.

Astana - which became the capital of Kazakhstan in 1997 - is a a gleaming futuristic playground and a totem to the ambitions of authoritarian president Nursultan Nazarbayev, who has ruled since 1991.

A waiver has been invoked by successive US presidents, postponing the move on grounds of "national security" once every six months, meaning the law has never taken effect. Germany said Jerusalem's status could be resolved on the basis of a two-state solution.

Israel deems Jerusalem its eternal and indivisible capital dating to antiquity, and its status is one of the thorniest barriers to an elusive Israeli-Palestinian peace. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson and Secretary of Defense James Mattis recommended against the move.

"The sooner the Arab world recognizes Jerusalem as our capital, the sooner we will reach real peace".

"It will be a matter of some years, it won't be months, it's going to take time".

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